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【备课组长讲学】教学中如何培养学生的地理思维

作者: 员利平 来源: 发布时间: 2021年05月17日 点击数:


尊敬的领导,亲爱的老师们:

dajiahao,woshigaoyidilizudeyuanliping,jintianjidajiafenxiangyixiagaoyidilizuzheiyixueniandejiaoxuefangxiang。

dilidegaokaokaochahuoquhejiedudilixinxidenengli、diaodongheyunyongdilizhishidenengli、miaoshuhechanshidilishiwudenengli、lunzhenghetanjiudilishiwudenenglisixiangnengli。kaochadesuyangshiquyurenzhi、zonghesiwei、rendixiediao、dilishijianli。womendekaoshiyeshiyouzhishidaonenglidaosuyangdebianhua,zhuanjiachutishiyousuyangdaonenglidaozhishi,erwomendejiaoxueshiyouzhishidaonenglidaosuyang。zhandegaodubuyiyang,suyangbuduo,danshizhishihenduo,zhishishijiangbuwande。womenbagaokaobizuoqietudou,tudoujiushizhishi,qietudouerqieqiebudaoshoudedaogongjiushifangfayujineng,tudouqiechengshengmeyangziyijizheigezhenggedeguochengjiushigaokaodemubiao,zheigeguochengbaokuoniqietudoudeshihouxishoumei,xitudoumei,xuepimei,qiewanzhihounibaanbanxiganjingbadaoshouhaomei,zheixiejiushisuyang。gaokaokaosuyang,nijiaoqietudou,gaokaokaoqieyangcong,fangfajinengwomenhui,yixiesuyangyeshiyou,danshiqieyangconglayanjing,layanjingzenmeban?silujiushi: congyanjingzheshou,wobiyanqie,wobabaoxianmotiezaiyanjingshangqie;congqiliuzheshou,shuipinggaodianzaipangbiandianzhilazhu,buranglaweicuanyanjing;congqiederenzheshou,shuipinggenggaodegancuifamingqieyangcongjiqi。zheiqizhongjiuyousiwei,youchuangxin。zheijiushigaokao,gaokaodilichutijiushifangbushengfanghaowudixianerqiechuangxinwuxian,gaokaojiushikaochazhenshiqingjingxiadilisiweidezhongjian,suoyigaoyiwomendejiaoxuejiuweiraopeiyangxueshengdedilisiweizheshou,zaixuexizhishidetongshi,peiyangdilisiwei,baokuoluojisiwei、pipansiwei、chuangxinsiwei。

xiamianwojieshaoyixiawomenzuzaijiaoxuezhongshiruhepeiyangxueshengdedilisiweide。

yi、shangke

①ruheyuedukeben。zongjieduanyi,jianduanyuyanmiaoshuyaodianhuozhechanshushiwudefazhanguocheng。peiyangxueshenghuoqujieduxinxiyumiaoshuhechanshudilishiwudenengli。

②ruhetiwen。zhuzhongbianhua、zhengtixing、shenghuozhongdedili。birushangjiekewomenxuelejigewenti(zhuzhongxueshengdezhengtibawo),sanmenxialvchangshuyushenmedaoxiangxing,zaisanmenxiafenbujiaoduodeyuanyin(zhuzhongxueshengdelinghuoyunyong),xianzaizenmeshuaibaile,zenmediaozheng?xueshengshuozheiliangtianchiyumidexueshengtebieduo,woshuoneijiuyongdilisiweifenxiyixiaweishenme?

③jiangkejiangsiweijiangbenzhibushijiangjiaocai。dilihenduoshianlijiaoxue,jiaocaizhongchuxiandeanliezaigaokaozhongjibenshibuchuxiande,suoyijiaoxuejiubunengshuonibazheigebeixialaineigebeixialai,womenyaojiangbenzhihuoyuanli。birudamuchangfangmuye,shuocishiyi,congmuyefazhanxuyaodetiaojianchufafenxiwenti,congzhutibutongfenxiwentijiduiceyejiushikechixufazhandefangxiang,keyizhutichufa,yekeyiyaosuchufa,yekeyikechixufazhandeneihanchufadengdeng。

er、jiangti

yishengweiben。xueshenglaishuo,xueshenglaijiang,jiaoshijiuzhengdianbojike。xueshengnalicuole,ranhouzaijiang,erbushijiuzhenduizhengdalvdidetijiang,xueshengcuodedifangbushinixiangdeneiyang。dajiayehuifaxianyoudetizanmenjianglehaojibianyouxietongxueyijiubuhui,yebushitameiting,ershinidesiweibushitadesiwei,tatingdonglenidesiwei,neihuabuchengzijidexiangfa。jiuxiangzhaoyaweilaoshijiangde,diyibianjiangwan,xueshengshuohaoshenqiya,tongyangdetidierbianjiangwanxueshengshuohaoshenqiya,disanbianyujianzaijiangxueshenghaishuohaoshenqiya,woxiangwomenbushizihaoershibukaixin。xueshengjiangti,nijixueshengyidaotitanengjinijiangchuyiduohualai。meigexueshengjiangtidesiludoubushineimeyiyang,youdaotuide,youzhuaguanjiancide,youpaichufade,haiyoucongzhengzhilishidejiaodulaijiangdilitide,xueshengjiangjiezhihoulaoshizhichucuowunengbagaobagaojike。

san、luoshi

①shibeisongcailiaodecezi。youkebiao,youzhishi、youfangfa,xuyaoxueshengsikaobeisonghesiweibeisong。zhuyaoshiweiledilibeisongshijianzuozhunbeide,bimiannashuyingfuchashi,diliyuyanjiuzaisibeijichuzhishideshihouxingcheng。

②zhishikuangjiadezhengli。rangzhishixitongwanbei,bashudubo。hejiucuobenyigeben,qianmianzhenglihoumianjiucuo。jiuzhishijiusiwei,youzijidejiucuosiweiheshouhuojike,meiyougudingdejiucuomoshi,qiejibuyaochaodaan。

③gundonglianxi: shangqiqimozhilianleyitaozonghetijiuqimokaoshile,jiudeyiyupingshidegundonglianxi。gundonglianxirangsuoxuezhishidianzaixueshengdenaohaiyizhicunzai,buhuiyiwang。

④shezhiwentilailuoshi。zhuyaozaikaoqianshitianfuxiyong。gaoyidilikaoshimijizhileide,meiyoudaan,zhiyouwenti。nengjilaoshihuozhetongzhuohuozhezuzhangshuochulai,shuomingyouzhishiyousiwei,dadaowomendemudele。

si、tuozhan

①shituozhanyueducailiao。fapingban,jianggangkouquwei,jiufayangshangangdetuozhanyuedu;jianghangkonggang,jiufaeluosijizhangdemangjiangshigu;yinfaxingqudeyueducaishiyouxiaoyuedu,yibansanfenzhongneiyueduwanbi,ruguonengyinqitaolunneigenghao,butaolunyexing,zaiyueduzhongyijingbasuoxuezhishiyoujiehe,xueshengkanwentidejiaoduhuigengduogengshenru。

②shipinke,jiangwanyizhang,womenhuichouyijiezixikebofangxiangguanjilupian,birunongyejiangwanbofangtoushimeiguodenongye,xueshengkanwanzhihouhuilijieshenmeshidaxinghuakuanfuzuoye,feijipensanongye,mianhuajixiehuacaizhaidengdengmeijianguode,zaishipinlidoukangebian,zhongguodedikuaihemeiguodedikuaidoubuyiyang,yifangyiyuan。buxuyaozongjiezhixuyaowennikandaoleshenme,meigerendechudiandoubuyiyang,zhaojigexueshengyishuojibenshuodechabuduole。

③xinjiujiaocaidezhenghe。womenchuyuxinjiujiaocaigengtideshidai,xinkebiaohexinjiaocaichengxiandebuyiyangdesiweiwomendezhuyi,jiadaowomendeketangli。

wu、peiyou

meizhangjieshuzengjialeyizhanga4gaokaozhenti,jinsannianweizhu,xuanyixienanduxiaode。xueshengjianggaokaoti,jiangwanbiedezuxueshengzhiyi,woyehuizhiyitamen。rangxueshengrenshidaojiaocaishizenmejiangde,pingshidelianxishizenmejiangde,gaokaoyoushizenmekaode。buguanyudaoshenmetidoubuyaohuang,womenkendingerqieyidinghui。

budaoweidedifang:

kexiameizuoye,xuyaoshaobuzhiqinluoshi;banjixueshengdefencengjiaoxuebudaowei,zhuyaoshiduihoujinshengdeducubudaowei,jiaqianghoujinshengdegefangmianluoshi。

huibaowanbi,xiexielingting,budangzhichuqingdajiapipingzhizheng!

wenzi: yuanliping

tupian: lijie

shenhe: renzhangfeng

bianji: yanchunmin